The Origins of Counties – Wales

The traditional counties of England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland are 92 historic subdivisions of the United Kingdom. They are also known as the historic counties, or legally as the ancient or geographic counties.

The 92 historic counties are an indelible part of the history, heritage, geography and culture of the United Kingdom.

The first eight counties of Wales were created by King Edward I in 1284, by the Statute of Rhuddlan.

The present day pattern of historic counties was established by the Laws in Wales Act 1535, which was based on much older, traditional areas.

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